Stretches along the Adriatic coast strongly hilly lowland aggradation width up to 40-45 km from the South, East and North Plain medium-framed folding alpine mountain ranges and massifs Northern Albanian Alps (height up to 2764 m), composed of limestone, sandstone, flysch, serpentines and other breeds. Formed an arc stretching about 1,200 km and a width of 260 km. The axial part is composed of ancient crystalline rocks on periphery – the younger sedimentary rocks. Alps were formed in the Cenozoic as a result of convergence of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates. The climate is subtropical Mediterranean.
Average temperatupa January 8 -9 C, July 24 -25 C. Rainfall over 1,000 mm. Typical subtropical brown and brown forest soils. Eastern Alps of Albania – less high (Bernina, 4049 m) and wider. Line-height of the eternal snows of the Alps increases from west to east from 2500 to 3200 m.
The Alps are the largest center of glaciation and its scope is second to Evpone after Scandinavia. The total area of glaciers in 1200 reaches 3,200 km;. The largest glacier – Aletsch – has a length of about 20 km. Viticulture and Winemaking Albania have been known since Roman times. During the Turkish rule, they fell into disrepair and were revived after independence. After the Second World War, the area under vines in Albania has increased significantly. Recovery began winemaking in the direction of quality. Viticulture is developing in three areas and depends on the height above sea level: low (400 m) – grown table grapes and technical production red and dessert wines, medium (400-700 m) – Table grapes for the technical and white and red wines of the original, high (700-1000 m) – Technical grapes for white wines. A large number of vineyard production is the production of raki (a type of vodka). The main center of winemaking in Albania – Mr. Koplik. Wines are mainly exported to countries in the European Community.