Key features of this research are the following:? Earthquakes are natural? Can not be predicted but minimize its harmful effects? The effects of an earthquake fall on the poorest population in greater proportion. Clearly are known risk factors against earthquakes? The capital of Colombia is in intermediate seismic risk? The relief agencies are inadequate to meet major emergencies. The research topic was summarized into five chapters whose titles are as follows: 1 – 2 disasters and their implications – The planning and disaster theory 3 – Urban Earthquake Vulnerability in Bogota 4 – Environment and culture Prevention 5 – Conclusions and Recommendations 3 – RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH In order to comply with the objectives proposed in this research, then lists the most relevant conclusions after analyzing critical reflection on a serious situation in terms of planning socioeconomic involving a large number of Colombian citizens, residents of one of the most important cities in the continental concert. Not surprisingly, while the number of lives lost due to the phenomenon of earthquakes has been reduced substantially over the world, at the same time shows a dramatic increase in the amount of economic losses, including property damage, loss of revenue, infrastructure and facilities and lifelines. In fact, Colombia has begun to practice procedures aim to reduce threats to human life and personal injury, for example, through significantly improved warning systems, but has not achieved similar benefits terms of economic losses. Preventive action is the most important in any disaster because look at what must be done before the events happen, however, neither the district authorities or civil society are aware of this great responsibility and only when natural or anthropogenic disasters occur are taken measures, often without planning.