The greenhouse effect accelerates the melting of glaciers in the open leaving the sea, which introduces two new possibilities of economic operation that they seduce the five border countries. First, it is the presumption of which in the Arctic 25% of the reserves not yet operated of gas and petroleum of the world lodge. Some analysts maintain that this affirmation done by American geologists in the year 2000 approaches more a divination than to a study founded on scientific tests, since the exploration complexity that presents/displays this frost zone makes difficult the investigations, mainly in the months of winter when the sun is not shown over the Arctic Circle. Nevertheless, the increase of the world-wide prices of hydrocarbons has promoted the fever to find and to operate the potential deposits in this region of 1.2 million square kilometers that not yet comprise of the sovereignty of no nation. The second economic reading of this environmental disaster, brought about to a large extent by action of the man, constitutes the opening of new commercial routes, that before were closed by the ice. Like it was foreseeable, the disputes exploded between the five countries that demand the sovereignty. In 1982, the UN approved the treaty of the Law of the Sea, that consists of which if a country demonstrates that its continental platform extends beyond the 200 miles can demand their sovereignty.
The United States never signed that treaty, nevertheless, after the meeting of Ilulissat was committed to subscribe it. For which Washington changed to seem 26 years later? The melting of the Arctic allows him to investigate and to protest in this eventuality – if I milk marine of Alaska extends beyond the 200 miles until the North Pole. But, the problems are not solved with the change of position of the EE.UU. The marine step of the northwest that is next to Alaska, Canada and Greenland remains open every year by greater time, which allows to shorten the trip for example from New York to Tokyo in 23 %.