It can say that Marx, like Auguste Comte, owns a immanent teleological conception of history; although Althusser has argued that the discontinuity is an essential element of the dialectic materialism of Marx, which includes the historical materialism. Thinkers like Nietzsche, Foucault, Deleuze or the own Althusser, deny any teleological sense to history, characterizing to this one best one through the discontinuity, the rupture and the variety of scales in the historical time, since he has demonstrated the Annals School, particularly Fernand Braudel. History can be defined as the science of the change in the time. The schools of thought influenced by Hegel and Marx see history like progressive, although they see the progress like the manifestation of one dialectic, in that factors that operate in opposite directions synthesize through time. Of this form, history can be seen better like directed by a Zeitgeist (spirit of the time), whose tracks can be seen when watching at the past.
Hegel thought that history pushed the man towards the civilization, and some attribute the belief to him that the Prussian State incarnated the end of history. In his Lessons on philosophy of history, it explains that the philosophy of every time of some way is the philosophy absolutely; it is not a subdivision absolutely but this All apprehended in itself of a specific way (sic). Marx adapted the dialectic one of Hegel to develop the dialectic materialism. It saw how the resulting thesis fight and antithesis and its syntheses always had place in the material and economic land. The central contribution of the historical materialism is that history shows progress, not of linear but cumulative form, and that the cause of that progress is the fight by the possession and control of average of production. The political ideas and institutions would be the result of the material production and the conditions of the distribution and the consumption.