World War

But in 1928 he was elected governor of the influential economically and politically New York State, which opened the road to the White House. After spending two terms as governor, Roosevelt gained valuable experience, it is useful to him during his presidency. In the presidential campaign of 1932 Roosevelt won an impressive victory over Mr. Hoover, have not been able to bring the country out of economic crisis of 1929-1933. ('Great Depression'). Roosevelt came to power in the midst of the Great Depression, with the support of more far-sighted sections of the bourgeoisie, to prevent development of social revolution. Held a series of reforms ('New Course'). In 1933, the Roosevelt established diplomatic relations with the USSR. NYC Marathon: the source for more info.

Since the beginning of the 2nd World War came out in support of Britain, France and the USSR (from June 1941 year) in their fight against Nazi Germany. However, concern for the fate of domestic reforms and the failure to bind the United States to any obligations in a complex international environment contributed to Roosevelt's foreign policy had the character of neutrality (ie, ignoring the distinction between aggressor and victim). As a result of non-interference in the Italo-Ethiopian conflict (1935) and the Spanish Civil War legal governments have been unable to procure U.S. weapons and ammunition in the fight against well-armed powers 'Axis – Rome'. Only in November 1939 when the already raging war in Europe, Roosevelt made the repeal of section on an arms embargo and a policy of assistance to the victims of aggression. But the fact that the law of 1934 did not allow the U.S. government to provide loans to countries that are not repaid previous debts. Laws in the United States complied with strictly, and even the president can not violate them.

But out of this situation was found – remember another law of 1892 which gave the government the right to lend or rent long-term lease other states of the U.S. Army property if necessary to defend our country. The project was named – "Bill Lend-Lease Act." Roosevelt sought to limit as much as possible the supply of arms and if possible avoid large-scale U.S. involvement in European war. At the same time under the slogan of 'active defense' in the autumn of 1941 in the Atlantic was 'undeclared war' with Germany. Allowed to conduct aimed fire on the German and Italian courts, which has reached a zone of U.S. security, the repeal of article neutrality laws prohibiting arming of merchant ships, and visit U.S. ships in the combat zone. Churchill and Roosevelt declared: "Any state that fights against Nazism, can count on our help." In one of his speeches Commissar Mikoyan said: 'In the autumn of 1941 we lost everything, and if not for lend-lease, not weapons, food, warm clothing for Army and other supplies, one more question, how would it turned out. " However, later on cooperation safely forgotten – the former partners were bitter rivals in the ongoing Cold War …