During the period of its creation until the present time recebeuvrios names, – Filipia, Frederica, Parahyba, – and, since the Thirties dosculo Period of 1850 the 1920 Between 1850 until the end of the decade of ten of century XX seprocessam several and significant changes in the urban estruturao of the city, with sanitary improvement, modernization of the transports, public illumination, electricity and water supply, order and disciplinamento of the streets, construction and improvement of the public spaces as squares and parks. In meadosdo century XIX, the city of the Parahyba characterized 11> for its original division in High City and City Low, em1850, was composed for 1084 houses, being 39 sobrados. (Vidal Son, 1958, p.134). The City Low, also known for the name of Varadouro, erasimbolizada for the wharf of the Sanhau and contiguous spaces that composed a residential and commercial derea compound, where families of traders and its caixeirosacomodavam themselves in the sobrados superior floors of. In the commercial trreo, osestabelecimentos: ‘ ‘ warehouses, pharmacies, lojinhas.’ ‘ (Cavalcanti, 1972, p.39). In the High City, the streets met: Right, New, First, Chain, Tambi, Trenches, among others less expressive.
Today, Saratov – one of the largest cities of Russia, which has a high industrial, scientific and cultural potential. This is facilitated by a modern river port, and well-established rail and located within the city airport, recently received international status. The city stretches along the banks of the Volga at 25 kilometers and covers an area of more than 37 thousand hectares. Its population – over a million people. Saratov was rebuilt in 1617 on the left bank of the Volga.
It was the same as before, a small wooden fortress surrounded by a log wall – fence with three gates and several wooden towers. The garrison had to arms 'fire bomb' – the artillery of cast-iron cannons and arquebuses. In addition to the military in the city, protected by walls, now living and merchants, and artisans. The exact number of residents is difficult to call. Anyway, according to a 1632, men in Saratov was 511. On the women and children is not known – statistics at the time they were not taken into account.
Sam garrison consisted of 427 people, mostly small serving people – archers, gunners, collars (both formerly known as those who perform guard service at the gate). The tsarist government was paying them a salary: money – 3 rubles a year, and meat – two quarters of rye per person and two quarters of oats to the horse. (At that time a quarter is five pudam, or slightly more than 80 kgs.) army chiefs – strelets centurion, strelets head and governor – have lived much better than their subordinates. They received a good salary in those days – about 100 rubles a year, and in addition, for the military campaigns of the king rewarded them with expensive gifts.
Topics: "The City in the Fog," "I had a dream, "" There is rain, "" Night City "," Flowers for the curtain "and other collage. This combination of application and drawing. Collage can be smooth and long. For its implementation using paper, cloth, wool, yarn, any waste material. The works are drawn in three-dimensional frame. You can draw the details. For example, making the head of the animal or human tissue volume of one color, you can draw a little face, face, hair or fur stick out of yarn, fur, Felt, etc.
Drawing from the tube. The paint is applied by pressing the tube, thus it is necessary to be able to regulate the flow. In the tube you can make a few holes with a needle that had a few squirts. Foam drawings. Squeeze little foam figures, which are pre-dipped in paint. First pictures will be chaotic. Then they become a pattern that will help the child to assess spatial orientation.
"Klyaksografiya." On paper or a damp cloth with a brush dripping liquid gouache paint. From the resulting drop can blow out the desired object, can be folded in half sheet or cloth to blot printed on the opposite side of the sheet, and then dorisovat missing details. To use any blow or blow pipe without turning the page, or go around the leaf. Drawing on carbon paper. Copying is placed on a white sheet of paper. Picture performed with a fingernail, finger, a quill pen used pivot stick sharp etc. Copying can be a different color. Draw dots. Hands, fingers, felt pen, pencil, charcoal, pastel drawing is performed, consisting of some individual points. Perform better in color, that stood out more clearly the image. Drawing on the bark. Drawing on a very old elm. It is all the real texture, and we can paint on, add somewhere to revive the color. Then put to work under pressure and a framing outline. Drawing on a wax-based (grattazh). On a sheet of paper with a cotton swab or a broad brush across the surface of gouache applied in different colors. After drying, gouache covered with wax or paraffin. To do this, rub the leaf candle. Paraffin surface is filled with ink. (Mascara bad falls on the wax or paraffin surface, so we must use diligence and will power.) Once ink is dry, apply the wax once more lining. Now you can draw on it with any sharp object (pen pupils', rod, needle, thick nail, quill pen, etc.). Remember that children need to learn different techniques, but not make it work. Preparation for school at home