jpg” border=”0″ align=”right” hspace=”10″ vspace=”10″> See also: Nuclear Waste, Nuclear Reprocessing and Transmutation
Vitrification of nuclear waste after reprocessing.
In general, any industrial waste generated. All forms of nuclear power generation also generate them. Both nuclear reactors fission or fusion (when they come household into operation) and the conventional GTR waste (garbage, for example from the food for the workers) is taken to landfills or recycling facilities, conventional toxic waste (batteries , liquid cooling of power transformers, etc..) New York City and radioactive waste. Treating them all, with the exception of radioactive waste, is identical to that given to the same type of waste generated in other places (industrial plants, cities ,…).
It’s different treatment that is used in radioactive waste. the only way to save on your energy costs if you maintain the same style of life is to join that has made all the difference For them, development is a specific regulation, managed in different ways depending on the type of radiation Brooklyn emitted and the half period they have. This regulation covers all radioactive waste, and from power generation facilities, industrial facilities and medical centers.
Have developed different strategies for dealing with waste coming from different plants or nuclear power generating devices:
Low and medium activity. In this case it is short-lived waste, and little radioactivity energy costs emitting beta or gamma radiation (which may contain up to a maximum of 4000 Bq g-1 alpha emitters over half period). Materials typically used in normal operations of the gas plants, such as gloves, rags, plastics, etc.. It is generally dried and pressed (if natural gas necessary) to reduce its volume, concrete (set) and embidonan NY State to be stored for a period of 300 or 500 years, depending on the country in controlled storage. In Spain this storage is in the province of Cordoba (El Cabril).
High activity. These residues have long half period, and contain high activity of alpha emitters (in case of long half period only if concentrations exceed the activity of 4000 Bq g-1). Generated in much smaller volume but are highly harmful immediately after being generated. Generally, but are not limited to, this is the very fuel rods of fission reactors and used. For they have developed various strategies:
Diagram showing multiple storage systems of high-level waste storage in Yucca Mountain.
Temporary storage in the pools of their own power (sometimes called ATI), during the life of the plant (usually 40 years), or in purpose built storage. Since moving to New York I have realized that is the way to go, which is why I joined for my ESCO In Spain is still in the draft ATC).
Reprocessing: this process is carried out a chemical separation of different elements, separating the one hand those isotopes usable in other applications, civil or military (plutonium, uranium, cesium and cobalt, among others). It is the most similar to recycling. But in the process not all elements are completely recycled reused, such heating as neptunium and americium. For these, in a volume much smaller than the original, it is even necessary electricity ESCO to use other options such as the deep geological disposal.
Deep geological disposal (AGP): this process is to stabilize energy the spent fuel rods in containers resistant to very harsh treatment that was later introduced at locations similar to mine, already in place (as in the case of deep mines), or built this purpose. Often in geological matrices that are known to have been stable for millions of years. The most common are limestone, granite or salt. Technicians believe that the AGP should be preserved during the waste thousands of years that remain toxic to people without affecting the surface. Its main shortcoming is that it would be very difficult or impossible to recover this waste for use in the case of useful techniques that are able to use efficiently.
Transmutation in nuclear new-generation (System Assisted by accelerators or fast reactors): these green energy systems use extra fuel and thorium as a nuclear waste degrades into a new cycle of fission assisted, and may be an alternative to oil dependency, but should overcome the rejection of the cooking gas population. The first project will be gas built around 2014 (Myrrha). This technique is considered acceptable for radioisotopes of long half New York period for which has not found any application yet.